Behavior Modification via Lubrication 行為潤滑

In the field of Behavior Modification or Motivation, there hasn’t been any studies discussing this “Lubrication” topic as far as I know. The phenomenon, however, is very common in our daily life. Take drink water for example. When the water is available beside the working position, people tend to drink more and thus become healthier (sbd help locate the ref for me). From the perspective of psychology, it is called a cue. But from my point of view, as a fan of Behavioral Economics, I would say it is because the cost reduction of the target behavior lubricates the decision making process inside our brain.

As a professional habit formation researcher, I can tell you both the idea of cue and of the cost reduction theories hold true, since neural scientists have evidenced our brain operates with a parallel system consisting of reflective and conscious network.

廣泛閱讀論文導讀:Extensive reading in English as a foreign language

警告,此影片極端學術導向。可能會導致觀看的人血糖降低,若有飢餓、頭暈、心跳加速、臉色蒼白、冒冷汗,全身無力等症狀,請即刻停止觀看。

影片內容為 extensive reading 在日本做的大型實驗,其結果相當驚人,是筆者剛接觸到廣泛閱讀時看的論文,特別錄制論文摘要供讀者快速了解學術界的研究成果。若要下載論文 pdf 檔,請至 → google scholar ← 查詢。Ref. Mason, B., & Krashen, S. (1997). Extensive reading in English as a foreign language. System25(1), 91-102.

Internal/External Validity: the Control of Independent, Dependent, and Extraneous Variables in Laboratory or Field Experiments.

Internal Validity (IV): The extent to which we can say that the effect is actually caused by the manipulation. The key point is to take good control of manipulation implementation & Extraneous Variable. Field experiment is inevitably bad for IV but good for External Validity (EV)–the extent to which the effect found can be replicated or generalized to the real world settings.

Continue reading “Internal/External Validity: the Control of Independent, Dependent, and Extraneous Variables in Laboratory or Field Experiments.”